The blog Facts About Religion asks “If God Cannot Act Contrary to His Nature Can He Have Free Will?” The blog author writes, “Most people define ‘free will’ as having a genuine choice between multiple options. For example, in a given situation it would be possible for a truly free being to have a genuine choice between (a) telling a lie or (b) telling the truth.” In short, he argues that since God can’t lie he lacks free will.
Here is my comment in response, which I am posting here since, as noted previously, my comments tend to be deleted on that blog:
The answer to the question whether God has free will, depends on how you define “free will”. You are defining it as the ability to do evil, specifically to lie. But “freedom” generally is defined as “the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint”.
The only way God’s inability to lie would imply lack of freedom on his part, is if lying were something that he wanted to do, but that something or someone were hindering or restraining him from doing so. But on the contrary, God has no desire to lie, and there’s no good reason to think that he could possibly ever want to lie.
“William Lane Craig offers an insightful thought experiment to demonstrate that one need not be able to choose B in order to make their choice of A free and meaningful:
“‘Imagine a man with electrodes secretly implanted in his brain who is presented with a choice of doing either A or B [for our purposes, we’ll let A stand for good and B stand for evil]. The electrodes are inactive so long as the man chooses A; but if he were going to choose B, then the electrodes would switch on and force him to choose A. If the electrodes fire, causing him to choose A, his choice of A is clearly not a free choice. But supposed [sic] that the man really wants to do A and chooses it of his own volition. In that case his choosing A is entirely free, even though the man is literally unable to choose B, since the electrodes do not function at all and have no effect on his choice of A.'”